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    The Ins and Outs of prepositions - A Guidebook for ESL Students 1999.pdf


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    The Ins and Outs of prepositions - A Guidebook for ESL Students 1999.pdf
    文档介绍:
    < Prev I l@ve RuBoard Next >
    Page i
    The Ins and Outs of Prepositions
    by Jean Yates
    < Prev I l@ve RuBoard Next >
    Page iii
    TABLE OF CONTENTS
    Introduction V

    Part One: The Prepositions
    How to Use Part One 3
    1 · About 5
    2 · Above 8
    3 · Across 9
    4 · After 10
    5 · Against 12
    6 · Ahead Of* 14
    7 · Along 15
    8 · Among 16
    9 · Around 17
    10 · As 19
    11 · At 20
    12 · Back to*/Back From* 25
    13 · Before 27
    14 · Behind 28
    15 · Below 29
    16 · Beneath 30
    16 · Beneath 30
    17 · Beside 31
    18 · Besides 32
    19 · Between 33
    20 · Beyond 34
    21 · But 35
    22 · By 36
    23 · Close to* 39
    24 · Despite/In Spite Of* 40
    25 · Down 41
    26 · During 43
    27 · Except 44
    28 · Far From* 45
    29 · For 46
    30 · From 53
    31 · In 56
    32 · In Back Of* 68
    33 · In Front Of* 69
    34 · Inside 70
    35 · Instead Of* 71
    36 · Into 72
    37 · Like 74
    38 · Near 75
    38 · Near 75
    39 · Next To* 76
    40 · Of 77
    41 · Off 83
    42 · On 87
    43 · Onto 97
    44 · On Top Of* 98
    45 · Opposite 99
    46 · Out 100
    47 · Outside 105
    48 · Over 106
    49 · Past 110
    50 · Through 111
    51 · Throughout 114
    52 · To 115
    53 · Toward 121
    54 · Towards 122
    55 · Under 123
    56 · Underneath 125
    57 · Until 126
    58 · Up 127
    59 · With 133
    60 · Within 139
    60 · Within 139
    61 · Without 140
    * Two- or Three-binations That Function As Prepositions
    < Prev I l@ve RuBoard Next >
    Page v
    INTRODUCTION
    Prepositions pose more problems for the non-native speaker or learner of English
    than any other part of speech. Why? Prepositions are just little words that never
    change in form; they are pronounced softly, in unstressed syllables; they aren't even
    given capital letters in book titles; native speakers choose the correct ones without
    thinking. How can they be confusing?
    The word "preposition" has a straightforward definition: a word placed before a
    noun or pronoun to define its relationship with another word in the sentence. For the
    learner of English, however, prepositions are anything but straightforward.
    —Prepositions are difficult, if not impossible, to define without using other
    prepositions.
    Example:
    In the sentence, "The book is on the table," what does on mean?
    On means "above and supported by."
    —In no other language are the prepositions (if they exist at all) the exact equivalents
    of English prepositions.
    Example:
    Spanish English
    Vive en Washington. He lives in Washington.
    Vive en la Avenida New Jersey. He lives on New Jersey Avenue.
    El está en el aeropuerto. He is at the airport.
    Estoy pensando en ti. I am thinking about you, or
    I am thinking of you.
    —Many preposition words can also be adverbs or conjunctions.
    Examples:
    the preposition down She walked down the hill.
    the adverb down He put the book down.
    the preposition after She took a nap after lunch.
    the conjunction after She went outside after she put the book
    down.
    —Many prepositions can indicate more than one meaning or relationship. 内容来自淘豆网www.counselingday.com转载请标明出处.
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